March 13, 1865

Monday, March 13, 1865   Start at 10 A M and were till after dark in getting 3 miles cross Cape fear river on pontoons   roads bad and teams stick fast in the mud evry little while and to put a further stopper on our proceedings the river is falling fast and the pontoons break about evry 15 minutes   our teams did not get up till about midnight   we had a long and wide swamp to cross   I kept my feet dry till nearly across then in I went but found more mud than water but found plenty of both   as the weather is warm we wont suffer much by having wet feet   we go to bed without supper   I guess we will want our breakfast


March 12, 1865

Frustration is setting in at this point — though Isaac is trying to maintain his sense of humor regarding his officers.

Sunday, March 12, 1865   Pleasant day   Lay in camp Near Fayetteville   14th and 15th Corps’s are laying pontoons across the river   a small tug boat came up the river to see if she could find any thing of Shermans army with orders to proceed as far up as possible  if She did not find us before   She started back in evening   we had half an hour to write letters in as She took out mail   I did not write   Add  [Addison Taylor] went to town   I did not go   we are and have been for several days living on corn meal and pork we would like right well to have a little flour or hard tack but such delicacies are reserved for our brave officers   we now expect to get communication about 80 miles N E of this at Goldsboro   We have a poor sandy camp   don’t care how soon we move

March 3, 1865

Friday, March 3, 1865   March at 8 A M   11 miles   Camp 2 miles west of Cheraw   pass cross roads about Noon with guide boards to Society hill   North 12 miles to Chesterfield Court house   North 10 miles to Camden    West 50 miles to Cheraw  East 7 miles   Our 1st Div took Cheraw this morning   took 23 canon 3000 Stand of small arms and plenty of amunition and other stores   I went to town in evening to get some provision but every thing was closely guarded  there was Liquor in some of the houses and it would not do to let all have free access to it  this town was most of it burned   the canon and guns thrown in to the river  great Pedee river

March 2, 1865

Thursday, March 2, 1865  still misting rain   lay in camp all day   a reb prisoner shot in retaliation for one of Co H 20th ILLs [Illinois] found dead   his brains had been knocked out with a pine not   this execution took place close by our camp but I did not witness it   the prisoners drawed lots to see who should die   it fell on a man little past the prime of life   he died with a heroism and pride worthy of a better cause   this is a very poor country   our reg foragers bring in 5 small beef cattle   [Samuel]  Leighton got some dried peas   they are very good eating as we have to eat most anything in times like these as tis either feast or famine

March 1, 1865

Wednesday, March 1, 1865  and still raining   had a long talk this morning with a reb prisoner  he seemed to think their case hopeless and said most of them were willing to play quits and look for peace soon   we were relieved from guard at 9 AM and reported to our reg  lay in camp all day mists rain   Rebs still coming in our camps   took 90 today   this is a poor country and forage   reg [regiment]  foragers get nothing   Add [Addison Taylor] and I bought 25 lbs crackers at Div’s Commissary   reported that 2 reb prisioners were shot today at Corps Headquarters in retaliation for two of our men found dead with a paper in one of their mouth stating death to all foragers   it seems like a hard way of doing business but the only way to stop this murdering


February 28, 1865

Tuesday, February 28, 1865   I was detailed for Provost guard at Division head quarters   We move at 9 A M   our reg rear guard to train 4th Division rear of Corps   rain all day   March 15 miles  very thinly settled  only pass 2 houses   timber pine with very little Oak  roads bad in places   No forage to be had and rations getting scarce  Camp 13 miles from Cheraw [1]   have 2 rebs to guard   troops build works as the enemy are reported in force between here and Cheraw  our Corps took 72 prisoners to day  most of them are right willing to be taken   got to bed about midnight   rain all night a little   it seems it never knows when to stop raining in this country   Saw plum bushes nearly in bloom

[1] Cheraw is located on the Pee Dee River in Chesterfield County, South Carolina.   “It was known as a place for refuge and a storehouse for valuables…”.,_South_Carolina

February 18, 1865

Saturday, February 18, 1865   weather pleasant   march at 8 AM  pass through the town the best part of which is burned   we stopped and stacked arms opposite the Insane Asylum   a couple of crazy women scolded us severely here   we saw the effects of last nights burning   old men  women and children were gathered here whose houses had been burned last night   many of them having all they could have from the flames tied up in a hdkf or blanket    twas quite a fall for some of those high born Southern Dames   I felt sorry for them  provision was plenty in town   we got all the flour and molasses we wanted   the 13th Iowa lost their colors  either stolen or burned   destroy 3 miles of the Danville RR

All rights reserved. The journal entries contained in this blog are part of the I. N. Carr Papers, Ms132, Special Collections, State Historical Society of Iowa, 402 Iowa Avenue, Iowa City, Iowa, 52240-1806, (319) 335-3916. They may not be reproduced or used in any manner whatsoever without the express written permission of the State Historical Society of Iowa. Please see the “Conditions for Reproduction” on the copyright page for guidance before using the material contained on this site. Information in these posts is taken from Isaac's journals and speeches written between 1861 and 1923. If you had ancestors who lived in Washington County, Iowa, they might be mentioned in Isaac's diary. Try searching for them in the search box, below. Use spelling variations in your search as names were often spelled differently.