February 28, 1865

Tuesday, February 28, 1865   I was detailed for Provost guard at Division head quarters   We move at 9 A M   our reg rear guard to train 4th Division rear of Corps   rain all day   March 15 miles  very thinly settled  only pass 2 houses   timber pine with very little Oak  roads bad in places   No forage to be had and rations getting scarce  Camp 13 miles from Cheraw [1]   have 2 rebs to guard   troops build works as the enemy are reported in force between here and Cheraw  our Corps took 72 prisoners to day  most of them are right willing to be taken   got to bed about midnight   rain all night a little   it seems it never knows when to stop raining in this country   Saw plum bushes nearly in bloom

[1] Cheraw is located on the Pee Dee River in Chesterfield County, South Carolina.   “It was known as a place for refuge and a storehouse for valuables…”.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheraw,_South_Carolina

February 18, 1865

Saturday, February 18, 1865   weather pleasant   march at 8 AM  pass through the town the best part of which is burned   we stopped and stacked arms opposite the Insane Asylum   a couple of crazy women scolded us severely here   we saw the effects of last nights burning   old men  women and children were gathered here whose houses had been burned last night   many of them having all they could have from the flames tied up in a hdkf or blanket    twas quite a fall for some of those high born Southern Dames   I felt sorry for them  provision was plenty in town   we got all the flour and molasses we wanted   the 13th Iowa lost their colors  either stolen or burned   destroy 3 miles of the Danville RR

February 17, 1865

Friday, February 17, 1865   nice pleasant morning   Genl  Belknap is still in a great sweat to get some of his brig [brigade] across the riv [river]   we think the rebs have gone   about 9 AM 20 men of the 17th Iowa crossed in a small flat boat and went up in to town met with no opposition   White rags were floating on many of the buildings  13th Iowa planted their flag first in Collumbia about 2 PM   We marched up river to cross on Pontons [pontoons][1] but there were so many teams in way it took us till near midnight to go 4 miles   we camped a mile from the city   many of our boys went to town   a great many houses are on fire and more will be fired before morning   I go to bed as I feel tired and sleepy

Pontoon Bridge

[1]Photo Credit:  http://visions2200.com/CivilWar/WmLettersAtlanta.html

February 13, 1865

Monday, February 13, 1865  Did not rise very early   expected to lay still but about the time we most of us got breakfast started the order was to fall in   drums beat and many had to leave without breakfast  our mess had a large turkey cooked the night before and just finished cooking a kettle of rice and some coffee so we by making good use of our powers of mastication fared first rate   marched 10 miles  stoped and destroyed 3 miles of R R leading to Kingsville then marched 4 miles farther and camped making 14 ms [miles]  reg forages got plenty   we had buiscuit and molasses with plenty of everything    we needed to eat   country appears very productive

February 12, 1865

Sunday, February 12, 1865  Fall in early to march but Ordered to await further orders   fall in again in half hour and move about one mile   lay there till noon then our reg march down to bridge where the 13th Iowa is skirmishing with rebs in water up to their waist   rebs fire occasionally from one piece of artillery   we reply with 2 pieces  about two o clock P M rebs light out followed by our skirmishers and 11th Iowa   our reg first to march through Orangeburgh   rebs had fired a large frame building  flames spread rapidly   many houses burned   I forage potatoes  turkey rice and molasses   we have plenty to eat  I get my shoes half soled by a negro for fifty cents   night cold and windy but we have a good bed

February 6, 1865

Monday, February 6, 1865  weather cool and cloudy rather gloomy day   I was sick last night   don’t feel all right yet   march at daylight move very slow  roads bad with many spots of quicksand   our whole Brigade get a chance one reg  at a time to carry rails to cordoroy the roads   about middle PM we come to a large swamp with several large streams over which the rebs had burned the bridges   so we have to lay by till they are rebuilt  tis raining this evening  but we built a tolerable good chebang with a bed of leaves    poor country   no forage   Regmt foragers get no forage timber pine and oak   soil has swamps   dogs, women and youngones plenty, but apparently nothing for them to eat   what Wheelers [1] cavalry leave we take

Sketch of a corduroy road (Credit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corduroy_road)
Sketch of a corduroy road (Credit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corduroy_road)

[1] Major-General Joseph Wheeler.  See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Wheeler for more information.

February 5, 1865

Sunday, February 5, 1865  warm and pleasant  we have a tolerable good Chebang   every thing is pleasant and the goose hangs high    I went to see reb forts and bridge   this morn the trees are marked with bullets all round   several rebs come in and give themselves up  they represent their army as about discouraged   they thought if they could not hold us here twas no use fighting any more    Reg  Foragers bring in load of potatoes and pork   we wash our clothes and clean ourselves up generally   Add [Addison Taylor] detailed to drive cattle  we drew 15 crackers to last 8 days and as we have 2 days on hand we are supposed to carry 10 days rations   somebody will go hungry or the CS will loose some pork and potatoes

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