Tuesday, February 28, 1865 I was detailed for Provost guard at Division head quarters We move at 9 A M our reg rear guard to train 4th Division rear of Corps rain all day March 15 miles very thinly settled only pass 2 houses timber pine with very little Oak roads bad in places No forage to be had and rations getting scarce Camp 13 miles from Cheraw  have 2 rebs to guard troops build works as the enemy are reported in force between here and Cheraw our Corps took 72 prisoners to day most of them are right willing to be taken got to bed about midnight rain all night a little it seems it never knows when to stop raining in this country Saw plum bushes nearly in bloom
 Cheraw is located on the Pee Dee River in Chesterfield County, South Carolina. “It was known as a place for refuge and a storehouse for valuables…”. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheraw,_South_Carolina
Saturday, February 18, 1865 weather pleasant march at 8 AM pass through the town the best part of which is burned we stopped and stacked arms opposite the Insane Asylum a couple of crazy women scolded us severely here we saw the effects of last nights burning old men women and children were gathered here whose houses had been burned last night many of them having all they could have from the flames tied up in a hdkf or blanket twas quite a fall for some of those high born Southern Dames I felt sorry for them provision was plenty in town we got all the flour and molasses we wanted the 13th Iowa lost their colors either stolen or burned destroy 3 miles of the Danville RR
Friday, February 17, 1865 nice pleasant morning Genl Belknap is still in a great sweat to get some of his brig [brigade] across the riv [river] we think the rebs have gone about 9 AM 20 men of the 17th Iowa crossed in a small flat boat and went up in to town met with no opposition White rags were floating on many of the buildings 13th Iowa planted their flag first in Collumbia about 2 PM We marched up river to cross on Pontons [pontoons] but there were so many teams in way it took us till near midnight to go 4 miles we camped a mile from the city many of our boys went to town a great many houses are on fire and more will be fired before morning I go to bed as I feel tired and sleepy
Monday, February 13, 1865 Did not rise very early expected to lay still but about the time we most of us got breakfast started the order was to fall in drums beat and many had to leave without breakfast our mess had a large turkey cooked the night before and just finished cooking a kettle of rice and some coffee so we by making good use of our powers of mastication fared first rate marched 10 miles stoped and destroyed 3 miles of R R leading to Kingsville then marched 4 miles farther and camped making 14 ms [miles] reg forages got plenty we had buiscuit and molasses with plenty of everything we needed to eat country appears very productive
Sunday, February 12, 1865 Fall in early to march but Ordered to await further orders fall in again in half hour and move about one mile lay there till noon then our reg march down to bridge where the 13th Iowa is skirmishing with rebs in water up to their waist rebs fire occasionally from one piece of artillery we reply with 2 pieces about two o clock P M rebs light out followed by our skirmishers and 11th Iowa our reg first to march through Orangeburgh rebs had fired a large frame building flames spread rapidly many houses burned I forage potatoes turkey rice and molasses we have plenty to eat I get my shoes half soled by a negro for fifty cents night cold and windy but we have a good bed
Monday, February 6, 1865 weather cool and cloudy rather gloomy day I was sick last night don’t feel all right yet march at daylight move very slow roads bad with many spots of quicksand our whole Brigade get a chance one reg at a time to carry rails to cordoroy the roads about middle PM we come to a large swamp with several large streams over which the rebs had burned the bridges so we have to lay by till they are rebuilt tis raining this evening but we built a tolerable good chebang with a bed of leaves poor country no forage Regmt foragers get no forage timber pine and oak soil has swamps dogs, women and youngones plenty, but apparently nothing for them to eat what Wheelers  cavalry leave we take
 Major-General Joseph Wheeler. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Wheeler for more information.
Sunday, February 5, 1865 warm and pleasant we have a tolerable good Chebang every thing is pleasant and the goose hangs high I went to see reb forts and bridge this morn the trees are marked with bullets all round several rebs come in and give themselves up they represent their army as about discouraged they thought if they could not hold us here twas no use fighting any more Reg Foragers bring in load of potatoes and pork we wash our clothes and clean ourselves up generally Add [Addison Taylor] detailed to drive cattle we drew 15 crackers to last 8 days and as we have 2 days on hand we are supposed to carry 10 days rations somebody will go hungry or the CS will loose some pork and potatoes
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