Category Archives: 1865

Summary of 11th Iowa Infantry’s Civil War Casualties

Eleventh Iowa Infantry – Summary of Casualties

Total enrollment – 1297; killed – 58; wounded – 234; Died of wounds – 27; died of disease – 154; discharged for wounds, disease and other causes – 179; buried in National cemeteries – 111; transferred – 42.

Company F, 11th Infantry, of which Isaac Newton Carr was a part, sustained losses of 5 officers and 86 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded; and 2 officers and 166 enlisted men by disease. [1]   Another 578 were wounded.

[1] National Park Service website, http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-battle-units-detail.htm?battleUnitCode=UIA0011RI

 The Civil War had to run its bloody course so that the destiny of the United States could be determined.  A bloody course it truly was.  Almost 700,000 American soldiers of blue and gray gave their lives in the Civil War to define the nation’s destiny.  If civil war erupted today in America and total losses were in the same proportion to population now as they were then, the Northern states would lose 4,000,000 men while the Southern states would suffer 11,000,000 casualties. [2]

[2] National Park Service, http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/civil_war_series/3/sec6.htm

July 23, 1865

Stern Wheel Steamer - The Old North State

Example of a typical steamer of the time[1]

 Sunday, July 23, 1865  on boat   arrive in Muscatine   Daylight still found us on the Steamer Highlander[2] about fifteen miles above Muscatine  did not rest very well last night   boys feel all right this morning   came in sight of Muscatine fireing their guns   landed at 8 A M and took board with Mrs. Hess till tomorrow   after breakfast went to the Methodist Church text 25th 23 Mathew   came out of church found it raining   went to boarding house  got a first rate dinner green corn and other vegetables  first rate board

 [1] http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~jmack/boats/ship5.htm

[2] The Highlander, a U. S. stern-wheel steamer, 241 tons, built in 1864 at Wheeling, West Virginia, sank after hitting ice on December 16, 1865 at Johnsonville.  Gaines, W. Craig, Encyclopedia of Civil War Shipwrecks, Google E-Book

July 22, 1865

Saturday, July 22, 1865   Camp McLellan on boat   I concluded to take another run through Davenport   went down 8 eight A M and came back at noon   bought a pair of pants and vest for $16.75 cts  a knife for $1.50  a shirt for $3.00 and a pr of socks for 35 cts   PM went in to see the Indians  found most of them busy making bead ornaments and as dirty as need be   paymaster came and commenced paying at 2 P M   paid in alphabetical order  our co [company] got pay and discharg about 4 ½ P M   our men went to town  took a boat for Muscatine   I went and got my saddle  gave a dime for hauling it to the wharf   had rather a restless night on the boat   the hands and mate quarreled all night   one of us stood guard as we were not favorable impressed with Evry bodys honesty   one year ago today the army of the Tennessee fought a hard battle

July 21, 1865

Friday, July 21, 1865   Camp McLellan   Awoke this morning about daylight and found it raining   Reveillee has played out   we lay abed until we are satisfied   No roll call   Nothing to do but Eat and Sleep   there is a blind man showing some magic lantern performances in camp   I went in to see him this evening   Showed views of the war portraits of our genls [generals]  reb genls  fire works and some comic pictures  also some Scriptural pictures  admission 25 cts   I had a fine talk with the Showmans daughter and accompanied her home after the show   She appeared like a very nice girl   well informed   I liked her right well   forenoon rainy

July 5, 1865

The soldiers hear that they are finally going home.

4 miles S E of Louisville  K.Y.  Wednesday, July 5, 1865   Very Warm and dry   A patch of oats is being harvested close by our camp   there is considerable meadow land around here and haying has been going on ever since we have been here   the Soldiers try their hand at haying and harvesting a little but their work don’t amount to much   I tried it a little just a few minutes   didnt see any fun in it   recd a letter from and wrote to David   the order to muster out all the army of the Tenn was read to our reg   the boys were in high glee and manifested their delight by loud and frequent cheers   an abolitionist undertook to preach Nigger Equality  boys Stoned him and made him quit   Ralston was very drunk also   some other of our boys slightly intoxicated

July 4, 1865

Tuesday, July 4, 1865   4 miles SE of Louisville, K. Y.   Weather very warm   we assembled at eight Oclock in a cool nice shade close by our camp to await the arrival of Genl Sherman   he arrived at 10 A M looking very pleasant   made us a short speech but twas delivered with a Solemnity and depth of feeling seldom witnessed   all were deeply impressed with his farewell address of our beloved Sherman   about noon returned to quarters   guards refused to go on duty but were persuaded after calling the brig Genl but immediately spit all their spite on a Sutler and cleaned him out   Shooting of muskets and revolvers very lively in camp   I took a good drink of wine with [Wallace] Darrow for my stomach’s Sake    I recd a letter from Allice  one from carpenter in Leightons [1]

[1] The Leightons were a farm family in Washington County, Iowa. At about age 18, Isaac was looking for work when Isaac Leighton’s children invited him to their house.   He told Mr. Leighton about his circumstances. Isaac Leighton gave him work and a place to stay.