Dec 31st the morning was fine and pleasant we had heard that there was a rebel camp about seventeen miles distant in the neighborhood of Millersburg So our Col thought we had better take a tramp out that way and see what we could find we also heard that there were Several hundred unarmed rebels trying to make their way through that part of the country to join Price’s army and this proved true but they were captured by one Col Fry before they got as far South as we were we got Started a little after sunrise and marched briskly through Fulton with Colors flying our musicians giving yankee Doodle and Dixie particular fits we arrived in Millersburg a little after noon our advance guard being Cavalry got in a couple of hours ahead of us and caught several armed rebels and chased Several more out of town we have found some folks that I believe were true to the union one family in particular I regret that I cannot remember their name although we had our haver packs well lined with provisions they cordially invited us to come to their house and partake of their hospitality which invitations many accepted I went to the house but as I was not hungry I did not eat their black boys brought out baskets filled with apples of which we were kindly invited to partake we stayed here about three hours during which time these good folks were busy cooking and feeding all that were disposed to accept of their good cheer they seemed willing to do all they could for the union Soldiers and would accept of no pecuniary reward many of the boys however on leaving gave their children (of which there were three or four) numerous small pieces of Silver with which they seemed well pleased the little black boys that brought out the apples were not forgotten they came in for their share of the five and ten centers manifesting their Delight in the true African Style showing their two rows of Ivory and opening their eyes to their utmost tention [attention] we went about a mile from here where we left three companies with our Col while our Co [Company F] and Co I went three miles farther under command of Capt Moore we camped for the night close by the house of a man that in evry way Showed himself to be a strong rebel Sympathizer we Soon had a guard posted round our camp but as our officers intended to give us some little liberty we all soon had the countersign our Cavalry took possession of the Stables and supplied their horses plentifully with rebel provender while we confiscated the heads off of numerous turkeys and chickens we also found the way to the old mans apple hole these were the best apples I saw in Missouri they were the large Bellflower and we ate of them till we were satisfied we did not sleep much that night next morning was New years we breakfasted on turkey and chicken finishing off with nice mellow apples Soon about an hour high we started back taking with us four prisoners and eight rebel horses we got back to our quarters in Fulton before night without accident except we lost a man from Co D he came in in a day or two Said he had been taken prisoner had his arms taken away and had been paroled most of us did not believe this statement but thought he had got tired and stopped a day or two to rest and threw away his gun and accouterments to make believe he had been taken prisoner here ends our experience of a soldiers life for the year 1861.
Dec 27th this morning we had a chance to take a look at our new quarters our company was quartered in the basement Story in what appeared to have been the dining room of the establishment the room was about forty by sixty feet had four good fireplaces two long tables reaching nearly the length of the room and two nice cupboards or pantrys our company divided off into four messes and each mess had a fire place to do their cooking by this morning our officers thought probably it might be well enough to go and take a look for the rebs that had caused them so much uneasiness the night before but as the planning of Such an expedition as this required a great deal of time and consideration it was noon before we got Started we started north from Fulton towards a little town called Concord the first few miles we were accompanied by numerous reforesents [reinforcements?] they of the colored race going with us as they said to see the fun? By the time we had marched four or five miles on double quick they had one by one fell to the rear till none were left we went about twelve miles within a mile of Concord and halted our cavalry went forward to reconnoiter they soon came back bringing with them a rebel Captain they reported a dozen or so of rebels in the town they all got away but this one our Col now told us that as soon as we got rested a little we would go back and for those that had any thing to eat to eat it and the roads had thawed so they were quite muddy when we started out but about the time we stared back it began to turn cold we went back just to suit ourselves not keeping in ranks but in squads of three four and five the last did not get in till the next morning I got in about nine Oclock at night but was very tired we now felt secure from all rebels and there fore rested Several days There was a Lunatic Asylum stood not far from our quarters and as there was a good oven and other facilities attached to the building for baking bread in large quantities Col Hare concluded we might as well draw flour and have good light bread as to eat hard crackers [instead of eating hard crackers] So the flour was procured and men detailed as bakers while we Stayed here we had the best of bread we lived well and enjoyed ourselves here all kinds of produce was very cheap we had plenty of money for all present purposes and Uncle Sam furnished us with plenty of good warm clothes Our Col A M Hare of Muscatine was a very fair and humane man always looking to the welfare of his men and never exacting more of them than was necessary for the welfare of our Country Sociable and unostentatious he always had a kind word for his boys every ready to grant any favor that did not come in contact with the rules of Military discipline
24th dec we struck tents got on board the Sioux City that is five cos of our reg [regiment] the other five having a day or two before been ordered to a little town called California in Missouri we tried to cross the Mo [Missouri] river that night but could not the ice was floating so thick in the river So we gave it up for that night and slept on the boat the weather was quite cold next morning was Christmas we crossed the river on a small ferry boat all got safe over by two PM the darkies were having holly days now between Christmas and New years they flocked round thick to see the yankee Soldiers Some brought violins and while we lay there on the bank of the river waiting for orders they entertained us with music both vocal and instrumental accompanied with their every ready double shuffle and juber at four Oclock PM we got word that the rebs had some powder hidden in the woods Seven or eight miles from there so Co F under the command of Capt Moore was ordered out to look for it with a couple of negroes as guides after a tiresome march about two hours after dark we came to the place where the powder had been but all there was to show that powder had ever been there was a couple of hoops off a powder keg meantime the rest of our detatchment had moved on towards Fulton the county seat of Calaway Co Missouri we were to join them at a certain meeting house Seven miles from the river after a very tiresome march over very rough muddy roads through the agency of our never failing guide about twelve oclock at night we found the rest of our detatchment though the weather turned very cold we slep [slept] some till morning then we all moved on towards Fulton where we arrived just before sundown on the 26th Dec
We were very tired but as we went in to first rate quarters in the Deaf and Dumb Asylum we soon got rested that night word came that we might expect an attack from the rebs our officers held hurried consultations together while from Corporal to Colonel their looks gave token of the awful responsibility which they supposed rested on their shoulders we were ordered to sleep with our accouterments on and guns by our sides the night passed quietly by as many had done before and we awoke next morning Surprised to find ourselves alive
 Isaac probably meant Juba. According to the website, masterjuba.com, Master Juba [real name William Henry Lane] was the inventor of tap dancing.
22nd Dec snowed half the day we had the small wedge tents and six men were calculated to stay in a tent large enough for four So we thought to make more room we would dig down a couple of feet and set the tents over the hole but when the snow fell and melted the water run in and the Sides caved in and left us in a bad fix
Dec 18th we started back and on the morn of the 19th we arrived in Jefferson City again Our Chaplain had a large mail for us I got five letters we then marched out and pitched tents in Camp I am in sight of and close to Jeff City here we could buy plenty of fruit cakes and pies good apples for 25 cts per bu [bushel] common large pies for 10 cts other things in proportion the weather continued pleasant till the 21st Dec when it turned cold that night it snowed I was on guard in Jeff City
On this night of the 17th Dec about eleven O’clock some darkies came in and reported some rebs camped about ten miles from there So four cos [Companies] immediately Started out but we found no rebels they had just left we got back to the boat before day light very tired on this trip some of our boys saw our Comisary Sergeant chasing a goose up a hollow near the road and close to a house they concluded he was a rebel so they two of them fired at him fortunately they missed their mark and the goose got away
Dec 15th 1861 …marched out 12 miles within 2 miles of Collumbia to see if the town was inhabited by reb soldiers we found union troops there as we sat down by the roadside to rest and cat a bite preparatory to starting back the colored population flocked round us all wanted to go with the Yankees but our orders would not admit of taking any at that time a few choice ones however were Smuggled on board the boat and carried in safty beyond the control of their masters this was our first march and we got back to the boat about three hours after dark tired enough our cavalry took eight prisoners part of which were armed as soon as we were on board the boat pushed out and started on up the river handed us next morn (Dec 16th) at Franklin landing opposite Boonville nothing of importance occurred while we lay there the darkeys brought in plenty of nicknacks in the shape of fruit and nuts which they sold very cheap they would offer if we would take them with us to give themselves nuts fruit and all
Nov 24th we had general Review of all the soldiers in Benton Barracks about 30 Regs Cavalry & infty [infantry] besides a few cos of artillery genl Curtis reviewed us accompanied by genls Seigel & Halleck This was a very windy disagreeable day genl Curtis made a speech but the wind blew so hard I could not hear him notwithstanding the old genl has good use of his lungs and can give command in a loud clear voice after dark marched in to camp McClellan 1 ½ miles above Davenport on missippi river nothing of importance transpired while here except a man got very badly wounded in firing off a cannon we drilled every day that was suitable and some which we thought was not so suitable I went home on 5 days furlough we were fed very well most of the time a few days provisions were scarse but we had money & bought some our rations of bread were hardly sufficient so we bought a little every day when we were mustered from the State to the U S Service our ways and means of subsistence were also changed the consequence was that through the neglect or avaricious disposition of Capt Chambers we were without food nearly 2 days some of the boys got very hungry and went in to the sutler shops and took what they wanted some shops they tore down we had quite a time generally
 Sutlers sold provisions to the soldiers. They either followed in the paths of the soldiers or maintained a store on an army post.
Nov 23rd We got our first over coats they came in good time for the weather was cold and very disagreeable
Nov 19th We arrived in St Louis it was raining very hard we disembarked and stood on the wharf about 2 hours to give the officers time to go up in town to take a glass or 2 and display themselves finally by this time we were well soaked and started for Benton Barracks my load before it got [soaked] 55 lbs about half way the sand was over shoe top several of the boys went heels over head gun knapsack and all in to the numerous mud holes that adorned the road but which owing to the almost sticky darkness were not perceptible we arrived in Benton Barracks about 10 Oclock that night as muddy a lot as ever called for lodging our Co was warmly welcomed by Co H of the Iowa 2nd they got us a good supper the boys of Co H of the Iowa 7th also used us like men and treated us to many a knickknack [illegible word] found in our commissary department I slept well that night with Riley Austin while here after we got cleaned up we drilled Battallion drills most every day in these barracks there is a wash house with women employed by government where soldiers can take their clothes and have them washed free of charge we availed ourselves of this privilege and soon looked quite respectable while here one of the Iowa 3rd accidentally shot one of his Co through the head